The Arowana Fish or Arawana Fish is known as the Monkey Fish because of its ability to jump, the family Osteoglossum bicirrhosum is an omnivorous freshwater fish. It is one of the most expensive fish in the world, did you know that specimens (one only) were sold for up to 200,000 USD?
CHARACTERISTICS OF AROWANA PEZ
It has an elongated body covered with heavy scales. Many of his oral jaw bones, paladadar, tongue and pharynx are covered with teeth. There are two barbels at the tip of the lower jaw that are used as sensory devices to detect and capture prey.
Its view is very sharp, allowing you to see above the surface, and jump out of the water to attack the insects that are hanging from the branches of the trees. This fish has a swim bladder that allows it to breathe out of the water.
SIZE OF AROWANA FISH
They usually measure from 60 to 80 cm. The sizes of some, in the wild, reach up to 120 cm because they adapt better to the larger environment.
BEHAVIOR OF AROWANA PEZ
They are calm fish with everything they can not eat and can be kept in a community as long as the partners are chosen with care.
FOOD OF AROWANA FISH
They are omnivores with a natural diet consisting mainly of fish, and insects such as larvae. They will also eat plant matter, but this is a small part of their diet. It is known that they eat almost anything in nature that fits in their mouths, including birds, snakes, monkeys, turtles and rodents.
WHY DOES AROWANA FISH COST?
An Arowama fish costs US $ 200,000, this is due to its beauty (how the scales and the aerodynamic body shine). In addition to this, it is considered that the fish brings luck and prosperity to the caretaker, if the fish is healthy and happy. Most of the Arowanas in the trade are not caught wildly as they are in danger of extinction.
TYPES OF AROWANAS FISHES
There are several species of arowana, native to South America, Africa, Australia and Asia.
Asian Arowanas: They tend to be the most appreciated, but they are a species in danger of extinction and it is illegal to market them unless they are over thirty years old or are bred in captivity (in which case they are marked with microchips).
Silver Arowanas: These are the most common option for aquarium enthusiasts, but they are also the largest.
Black Arowanas: Almost identical to silver arowanas but because of their color, they are a little less resistant.
Australian Arowanas: These look very similar to their Asian equivalents but are much cheaper.
African Arowanas: A distinctly different form to other species, these fish are available in a variety of subtly mixed colors.
HABITAT DEL PEZ AROWANA
Originally from Southeast Asia, Asian arowanas inhabit the rivers of black water, slow-moving waters that flow through wooded swamps and wetlands.
REPRODUCTION OF AROWANA FISH
The reproduction of the Arowana is a continuous process, there are no specific seasons when the fish reproduce, however, there are times of the year in which the breeding occurs with greater regularity.
Until recently all the breeding was done by means of a guessing job placing 30 selected fish in a pond and leaving them to their fate. Characteristically these ponds are approximately 15m x 20m with a mud or silt floor.
Over time, the females lay eggs on the pond floor and a male will pass for fertilization. After fertilization, the eggs are collected in the male’s mouth, where they develop for 4-6 weeks before being released as fish in the pond.
The pond manager will maintain constant vigilance to identify the presence of male fish, and when he feels there is sufficient justification, he will call the harvest. The fish are carried in a large net to the edge of the pond, where they can be captured and identified more easily.