Atlantic bonito fish
Atlantic bonito Common fish in surface waters of the Atlantic Ocean; considered of great commercial importance and constitutes a prey highly coveted by sports fishermen.
Sarda: Latin and Greek, Sardine = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia.
Nice of Teeth.
It is a bony fish, of moderate size, edible and appreciated. This beautiful animal has an elongated body, fusiform, compressed, with tiny scales covering its entire body, the mouth is wide and reaches behind the eyes. The lateral line is sinuous in appearance. It has two dorsal fins very close together: the first consists of 19 to 23 spiny rays of decreasing length in the direction of the tail fin; the second is born very close to the end of the first, is shorter and comprises 12 to 19 radios; then exhibits 7 to 9 finlets or pinnules.
Its caudal peduncle is formed with a central keel on each side, with a semilunar aspect and as high as the maximum height of the body. The pectoral fins are short, they are born almost at the same height as the first dorsal fin, while the ventral ones are inserted below the base of the pectorals.
It shows a beautifully colored body, it is bright bluish gray, on the back, while in the ventral region it exhibits white colors. On the back, the species is characterized by having 8 or 10 longitudinal lines of very dark coloration. Its longevity is estimated at 10 years, it grows up to 95 cm and can weigh about 4.5 to 5.5 Kg.
It is an epipelagic, neritic fish that forms schools, capable of tolerating large changes in temperature. Nothing very often near the surface.
It is located on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, including in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Mediterranean and Black seas. In the American east it is found from the mouth of the San Lorenzo River to the province of Buenos Aires, to the south. .
Location of the Fish
The schools of this fish penetrate Argentine waters during the austral summer from Brazil.
It is a very voracious species; for its nutrition, it catches fish, including members of its own family and even its young; It also captures squid and crustaceans when it inhabits shallow waters. It is capable of swallowing relatively large prey.
The spawning season is in June; for September, specimens of 13 to 15 cm in length are usually found on Long Island.
It is captured by the trolling technique. Trawls, lines and hooks are also used. The sport fishing of this formidable fish is considered of great interest on the part of those who practice it.
It is a species whose specimens are sold fresh, dried or salted, smoked, preserved and frozen. Its main destination is the canning company, marketed in markets in a significant number of countries.