Today you will meet a very special marine species for its nutritional and culinary power called the lemonfish.
It can be located all year round, but especially in large quantities in the months of May to June, in almost all the oceans and a large part of the Mediterranean Sea, it is part of the Carangidae family of the perciform fish species.
Characteristics of the lemonfish
This species is known with different commercial and local names around almost the whole world, in the case of Andalusia it is called milk, amberjack and lemon fish, in the Balearic Islands it is known as cirvia, cirviola, lemon fish, seriola, sírvia, in the Canary Islands they call it amberjack and lemon, among others. This fish belongs to the family of the Carángidos.
Generally it lives in sandy places and rocky zones in the depths of the oceans reaching to extend to more than 300 meters. This lemonfish does various tasks and changes over the course of the year, when the winter arrives it sets in the ocean floor, coming up to the surface with the spring very close to the coasts.
It has eight spines, from twenty-nine to thirty-five soft dorsal rays, three anal spines and twenty-two soft anal spines.
Presents a body quite compressed almost flattened, one could say that it is elongated, fusiform. However, his body is wrapped in smaller cycloid scales. Its head is large and rounded, it has small eyes, its mouth is wide with a long round snout, in the maxilas they have very tiny teeth.
In each caudal peduncle presents a bone keel. It has an anal fin containing two spines and two dorsal fins. The first fin is small and contains seven spines, which are attached to the membrane, the second is larger and is attached to the anal fin. The shape of its tail is the same as that of most of the fish in a vee.
The skin of the lemon fish in its dorsal part is bluish and in the ventral area mixes between white and silver. They mostly have a yellow line horizontally on the flanks.
Similarly, laterally its shape is arched in its anterior part, it does not have bone plates, it has about 180 scales in its entire body.
When they are small, they have gray stripes in a yellow area. The adult lemon fish has a yellowish, greenish line that goes from the mouth to its dorsal part, which ends in the eye area, due to this prominent line is called lemonfish.
Size and weight
The lemonfish its size varies between 1 meter and one and a half meters in length, weighing more than 59 kilos. Its weight and size are very different, everything will depend on the type of area it occupies, the different temperatures and ocean currents will be the fundamental basis for its development.
It is a calm, solitary fish, its habits are pelagic, it is rarely observed forming groups. Generally the lemonfish reproduce in the spring season, in the winter it lodges in the oceanic depths and in the summer it is observed in the surfaces and very close to the marine coasts. Before reaching adult life they form large groups near floating elements, until they get to share with the jellyfish and salps.
The lemonfish is currently found in almost all the waters of all oceans, being most prominent in the areas of the Atlantic Ocean, extending to the Mediterranean Sea and the Bay of Biscay.
This species of marine fish is located in the oceanic depths, establishing itself at about 80 meters deep, even though it can be established at about 300 meters on the ocean floor. It only rises to the coasts in the summer and spring.
The lemonfish can be located in the Western Pacific, in the Indian Ocean and Atlantic, Brazil and Canada, in the same way it is found in large schools in the British Isles, the Mediterranean Sea and Morocco, it is seen in all the islands and parts low subtropical waters. In the depths it lodges near the reefs.
In the same way, it is also found in South Africa, Japan and Australia, in addition to the Indo Pacific Ocean. During his youth he remains attached to various floating objects.
In which it remains for an approximate time of 4 to 5 months, until it manages to develop and get about 36 centimeters in length, is the time to find an adequate habitat and protect themselves from the dangers that haunt them. They take refuge in the coasts at medium depth, staying in small stable groups.
Once it is an adult fish it is ready to penetrate the ocean floor. This happens after about five years.
The reproduction of these fish goes according to their place of location, temperature and climatic zone. It is usually for the summer and spring time that the spawning of these animals occurs, once the males have reached their period of sexual adulthood, a fact that happens at 4 years and 5 years in the female.
It is at that moment when they reach a size between 75 and 80 centimeters long and a weight of approximately 12 kilos. The growth of these fish is super fast, before six months can reach about 40 centimeters.
The time comes when the specimens can reach up to two meters in length and can weigh up to 80 kilos.
Almost always for the moment of reproduction it is found in quite small schools, fixing the habitat very close to floating objects, buoys, platforms, all these elements near the coasts in the high seas. After performing the process of reproduction and hatching of the fry, they spread and seek to be solitary.
The lemon fish has separate sexes, both eggs and larvae once they are thrown into the water, are the currents that are responsible for carrying them from one side to another, until they are established in safe places, for a period of five months.