The lemon shark, also known as the negaprion brevirostris, is the best known and researched of all sharks. Unlike most sharks, lemon is able to handle captivity for long periods of time. Therefore, scientists have had the opportunity to observe their behavior like no other shark.
Characteristics of lemon shark
The name “tiburón lemon” is due to its peculiar and bright yellow and brown pigmentation.
1 – Lemon shark size
Unlike an adult pangasian shark that reaches an average of 1 to 1.5 meters, the adult lemon shark is usually about 3.5 meters (11 feet) long.
2 – Lemon shark weight
It usually weighs 190 kilograms (about 420 pounds).
3 – Lemon shark sensory system
Like all other shark species, they have electric receptors that allow them to track prey by the electrical impulses that all living beings emit. In addition to using electric receivers, they also have an amazing olfactory sense through magnetic sensors in the nose. This helps compensate for your poor vision.
4 – Lemon shark feeding
Because this shark is an inhabitant of the bottom of the water, they often track their prey by shaking the ground to feed on bony fish, rays, crustaceans and sometimes even seabirds.
5 – Behavior of the lemon shark
This is a very social species. They are often seen in groups and have a system of structured hierarchies based on size and sex. Generally they do not show any aggressive behavior among them and they coordinate in groups to hunt in places where the hierarchy is strictly respected.
This species is known to migrate from one area to another and often walks hundreds of kilometers across the ocean to reach mating sites.
Habitat of the lemon shark
The lemon shark loves tropical and subtropical waters in the coastal areas of the atlantic and pacific oceans. They remain in moderately shallow waters, usually not reaching depths greater than 80 meters (approximately 260 feet). They are often found in shallow waters near coasts and islands, in coral reefs, mangroves, bays and sometimes even in the mouths of rivers.
Lemon shark reproduction
Because they are viviparous, the females give birth to live offspring. Normally, the labor cycle lasts one year and give birth between 5 and 20 babies at a time.
Young puppies remain near lagoons and reefs for shelter and protection. When they reach adulthood, between 10 and 15 years old, they migrate to deeper seas.
Is the lemon shark dangerous?
The white shark, the bull shark, and the tiger shark are among the most dangerous sharks, however, lemon sharks pose no threat to humans. Although, human beings and lemon sharks interact routinely due to their shared oceanic habitat preferences, lemon sharks are not aggressive to humans. In fact, only 10 attacks of lemon shark have been documented and in each case it was an attack provoked where the victim survived. Humans, on the other hand, are a threat to lemon sharks. Lemon sharks are highly praised for their meat and leather, which is why they are now listed as “endangered” by the icun due to overfishing, especially in the northwest atlantic and eastern pacific oceans.