The Jewelfish (Hemichromis bimaculatus) belongs to the family of the Cichlids. He is originally from Africa and lives in streams and rivers. They have a wide range of names depending on their color, for example, Blue Cichlid Fish, Green Jewel, Jewel Fish, etc. It is a species that became famous for its beauty and aggressiveness.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PEZ JEWEL
Jewel fish vary from about 8 cm to 30 cm in length, tend to be smaller in home aquariums than in the wild. Most are very bright and come to have very intense colors before reaching maturity.
FISH SIZE JEWEL
They reach 20 cm in length in nature, in aquariums rarely exceeding 15 cm because the environment in general is smaller and can not be fully developed.
BEHAVIOR OF THE FISH JOYA
Like all cichlid fishes, it is a territorial species that becomes incredibly aggressive when reproduced. It can be maintained with larger species without problem since it is able to make its place; in a sufficiently large tank, it can go along with other African cichlids.
It is better to keep it in pairs, although the simple purchase of a pair usually results in the death of the weakest fish since between both they are in charge of attacking the rest of the fish. It is recommended to buy a group of young fish and allow them to form a pair of them.
FISH FEED JOYA
You will eat almost everything that is offered. Provide vegetable organic matter in the form of vegetable flakes / spirulina or bleached spinach. Live foods help to enhance the coloration of the fish.
APPEARANCE OF THE FISH JOYA
The color of the body is red and can vary to bright purple when the fish is during its breeding period. It has greenish spots scattered throughout the body with a black spot in the center.
HOPE OF LIFE OF THE FISH JOYA
The life expectancy for this species is about 5 years considering a careful environment. In wildlife, the Jewel fish’s hope is usually less due to their aggressiveness and they are always fighting other fish; the predators never fail.
HABITAT DEL PEZ JOYA
The cichlids of the jewel are native to Africa. They are found in streams, rivers and lakes with a great diversity of water qualities, including brackish water lagoons.
CRUST OF THE FISH JOYA
It is easy to breed once you have a pair, which is somewhat difficult. The sexes are somewhat difficult to identify, the males have reflective scales bluer than the females, who tend to have a deeper reddish tone with a wider circumference.
Put a mature male with a number of mature females and wait for a pair to form, then remove the other males as they will be killed if they are near the eggs. The female will lay several hundred eggs on a flat surface – usually a sandbar in the back of the aquarium.
The eggs will hatch in a few days and the fish will be protected in the form of typical cichlids. They can be reproduced approximately every 3 weeks once they are started.
TYPES OF PEZ JEWEL
There are eleven different species that belong to this genre:
Each species of Pez Joya is unique and some of them are more accessible than others.
JEWISH FISH SPECIES RECOMMENDED FOR HOMEOWNER AQUARIUMS
Red Jewel Fish (Hemichromis bimaculatus): They grow up to about 30 cm long and have a red body with blue spots. These fish are native to West Africa and require warm water with a slightly acid pH to thrive.
Goldfish of Bands (Hemichromis fasciatus): It comes from West Africa, where it is found in the upper Zambezi River, the Nile basin and Lake Chad.
Cichlid Red Blood Jewel (Hemichromis lifalili): Known for its dark red coloration with rows of small blue spots. This species tends to reproduce quite easily in home aquariums.